An abnormality in glutamatergic function has been hypothesized as being of etiological importance in schizophrenia. Twenty-three multiplex English and Icelandic schizophrenia families were genotyped with a polymorphic dinucleotide repeat sequence in the 3'-untranslated region of the glutamate/aspartate transporter gene called SLC1A5. Using the lod and a model-free method of linkage analysis (MFLINK), no evidence of linkage between SLC1A5 and schizophrenia was found. Our results do not support the hypothesis that SLC1A5 gene mutations or allelic variants provide a major gene contribution to the etiology of schizophrenia. However, because of the likelihood of heterogeneity of linkage in schizophrenia, there is a case for testing other pedigrees for linkage to the SLC1A5 locus. The SLC1A5 locus is one of a complex family of genes encoding neutral amino acid transporter proteins and the genetic relation between these other loci and schizophrenia has not yet been established.
Dave Curtis publications